Circumcision is a surgical procedure that removes the skin at the end of a male’s penis. It’s typically performed soon after birth or within the first month after delivery.
Circumcision has many benefits, such as decreasing the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. Studies have also demonstrated that it can decrease the likelihood of genital warts and cancer of the penis.
Reduces the risk of HIV
Studies have demonstrated that circumcision can significantly lower the risk of HIV infection. These results are particularly pertinent, as HIV is a serious and often lethal virus spread through sexual contact.
During sexual intercourse, the foreskin is pulled back into the penile shaft and exposed to biological fluids like infected vaginal secretions that could increase the risk of HIV transmission . Furthermore, inner foreskin mucosa has a higher density of immune cells which are more vulnerable to HIV infection.
Cells such as CD4 + T-cells and macrophages that possess HIV receptors (CCR5 and CXCR4) can transmit HIV to T-cells through virological synapses, commonly abbreviated as VSs for short.
2. Reduces the risk of syphilis
Circumcision has been found to significantly reduce the risk of syphilis infection among men. Syphilis, caused by Treponema pallidum bacteria in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia each year, affects around 10 million people.where to get circumcisions in adelaide
Circumcision remains an uncommon medical procedure, usually reserved for when other, less invasive options have failed.
While there may be some risks, they are usually minor and easily treatable. Signs of infection may include bleeding, discharge or changes in the skin of either the penis or foreskin.
Reduces the risk of gonorrhea
Circumcision has been linked to a lower risk of gonorrhea infection among heterosexual men. A cohort study found that circumcised individuals were less likely to have gonorrhea, chlamydia or trichomoniasis compared with uncircumcised ones; however this association wasn’t statistically significant; however it was stronger among males younger than 25 years, living in urban areas and having more than two sex partners.
After the procedure, your healthcare provider will apply topical antibiotic ointment or petroleum jelly to the head of your penis. A loose gauze dressing will then cover the area to keep it clean while healing begins. Expect some bruises and swollenness around this time as well as painful urinating for several weeks following.
Reduces the risk of tuberculosis
Circumcising a young boy is an important medical procedure, as it reduces their risk of contracting diseases such as HIV and syphilis. Additionally, it decreases the possibility that female partners will contract cervical cancer during their lifetimes. The medical staff performing the surgery will clean out the penis area and numb it with either a needle or small shot of medicine before applying topical antibiotic ointment or petroleum jelly for added comfort during recovery.
It’s difficult to definitively say if circumcision has contributed to the decrease in tuberculosis cases, but it could be that immune cells in the foreskin are less vulnerable to infections due to its thinner layer of keratin (stratum corneum) than its outer counterpart, providing additional protection.
. Reduces the risk of sexually transmitted infections
Circumcision is an effective way to reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). It may also help you steer clear of some common male health issues, such as genital herpes and gonococcoccal infection.
Evidence suggests that circumcision can reduce the risk of HIV and STIs among men who have sexual contact with males (MSM). A recent meta-analysis revealed that circumcision significantly reduced HIV transmission by 20%.
This reduced risk was more evident among MSM from Southeast Asia or Africa who engaged in insertive anal sex and those studied non-clinically. On the other hand, there was little evidence of protective effects among MSM from other regions due to their generally less tolerating tolerance of circumcision.